Forex brokers offer two different prices for a currency pair: the BID price and the ASK price. “BID is the price at which you can sell the base currency. “ASK is the price at which you can buy the base currency. In this article, Forex spreads will be fully explained. You can use the table below to select the desired topic.

The price difference between Bid and Ask is  called the spread  , which is also called the “BID / ASK price spread”. In other words, spreads are actually the answer to the question, where does a “no commission” broker earn his money from? Instead of charging a separate fee for trading, this fee is placed at the heart of the buying and selling rate of the currency pair you want. From a business point of view, this makes sense. The broker provides the service and must earn some money.

• They make more money by selling you currency than they buy for the same currency.
• They also earn money by buying currency from you for less than their sales amount.
• This difference in buying and selling rates is called a spread.

It’s like trying to sell your old iPhone to a store that buys second-hand iPhones. To make a profit, this store must buy your iPhone at a lower price than the one it sells. In other words, if he wants to make money and sell the iPhone for \$ 500, the maximum he can buy from you is \$ 499. This \$ 1 difference is called a spread. So when a broker says “zero commission” or “no commission”, it is a bit misleading because even though there is no separate commission fee, you are still paying the commission. Only this commission has hidden itself in the heart of the spread!

### How to calculate spreads in Forex

Spreads are usually measured in pip, which is the smallest unit of movement of the price of a currency pair. In most currency pairs, one pip is equal to 0.0001. An example of a 2 pip spread for the Euro / US Dollar would be 1.1051 / 1.1053.

Pairs of currencies denominated in Japanese yen are only up to 2 decimal places (unless pricing is less than 1 pip, in which case 3 decimal places are specified). For example, if USD / JPY is equal to 110.00 / 110.04. This rate indicates a spread of 4 pips.

## Types of spreads in Forex

The type of spread you will see in your trading software depends on the broker and how they earn money. There are two types of spreads:

• Fixed
• Variable or floating

Fixed spreads are usually offered by brokers who act as market makers or act as a “trading table” model. Variable spreads, on the other hand, are offered by brokers using the “no trading desk” model.

Fixed spreads remain constant at all times, regardless of market conditions. In other words, whether the market is as volatile as Master Tataloo or as calm as a mouse, the spread will not be affected. It remains the same. Fixed spreads are offered by brokers who act as a market maker or “trading table” model.

Using the trading desk, the broker buys many trading opportunities from his Liquidity Provider and offers these opportunities to traders on a smaller scale. This means that the broker acts as the counterparty in his clients’ transactions.

Having a trading desk allows the Forex broker to offer a fixed spread, as they are able to control the prices they show to their clients. If you want, you can learn more about different types of Forex brokers.

When trading fixed spreads, ricochets may occur frequently because pricing comes from only one source (your broker). Ricotta in Forex means canceling your order at the previous price and offering a new price due to a price change.  There are times when the Forex market is volatile and prices are changing rapidly. Because the spreads are fixed, the broker will not be able to increase the spreads to suit the current market conditions. So if you want to enter into a price deal, the broker will “cancel” the deal and ask you to accept the new price. Then you will be “re-priced or ricotted” with the new price.

A requote message appears in your trading software informing you that the price has been moved and asking you if you would like to accept the new price. The price is almost always worse than the price you ordered. Slipage is another problem, although it is not limited to fixed spreads. When prices go up fast, the broker is constantly unable to deliver prices quickly, and the price you eventually get after entering a trade may be different from the price you initially wanted to enter.

As the name implies, floating or variable spreads are always changing. With variable spreads, the price difference between BID and ASK is constantly changing. Floating spreads are offered by brokers without a trading desk, and these brokers receive their pair prices from a variety of liquidity providers. They transfer these prices to their traders or customers without the intervention of the trading table.

This means that they have no control over the spreads and the spreads increase and decrease based on the supply and demand of currencies and general market fluctuations. Normally, the spread spread widens, ie increases when economic information is published, as well as when liquidity in the market decreases (such as holidays and midnight, etc.).

Spreads can increase up to 10 times when economic news is published. For example, suppose you want to buy EUR / USD with a 2 pp spread, but just when you want to click buy, the US unemployment report is published and the spread quickly reaches 20 pips! Or when Trump suddenly tweets about the US dollar, the spread may increase.

Variable spreads eliminate ricotta. This is due to changes in spread components and changes in price depending on market conditions (but just because you do not receive ricotta does not mean that you do not experience slippage). Floating spread forex trading also provides clearer pricing, especially when access to pricing from multiple liquidity providers usually means better pricing due to competition. When you use accounts with variable spreads, you usually pay less in total than a fixed spread account.

### Compare and select the type of spreads

Now that you know what spreads are and you know two different types of spreads, you need to know one more thing. How the spreads relate to the actual transaction costs. It is very easy to calculate and you only need two things:

1. The amount or value of each pipe
2. The number of lots you trade.

Let’s look at an example…